how many states in india


how many states in india


India is one of the largest countries in the world, with a population of over 1.3 billion people living within its borders. This immense size and diversity also makes India home to 29 states, 7 union territories, and 6 centrally administered areas. From bustling cities to dense forests, India is a beautiful country full of culture, history and beauty. In this article, we’ll explore each of India’s states and union territories, providing an overview of their regions as well as some interesting facts about them. So whether you are looking to learn more about India or just curious to know how many states it has, read on!

The states of India

As of 2020, there are 28 states and 8 union territories in India. States are further divided into districts. Union territories are governed by the Central government.

The states of India and their Capitals are:

1 Andhra Pradesh
        Hyderabad (Proposed Capital Amaravati)
2 Arunachal Pradesh
3 Assam
4 Bihar
5 Chhattisgarh
6 Goa
7 Gujarat
8 Haryana
9 Himachal Pradesh
10 Jharkhand
11 Karnataka
Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore)
12 Kerala
13 Madhya Pradesh
14 Maharashtra
15 Manipur
16 Meghalaya
17 Mizoram
18 Nagaland
19 Odisha
20 Punjab
21 Rajasthan
22 Sikkim
23 Tamil Nadu
24 Telangana
25 Tripura
26 Uttar Pradesh
27 Uttarakhand
Dehradun (Winter)
        Gairsain (Summer)
28 West Bengal

Union territories and their Capitals:

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Port Blair
3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli,
4. Delhi
New Delhi
5. Lakshadweep
6. Puducherry
7. Jammu and Kashmir
        Srinagar (Summer)
        Jammu (Winter)

8. Ladakh

India is a vast country with a rich culture and history. Home to over 1.3 billion people, India is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. Each state has its own unique culture, customs, languages, cuisine, and more. In this article, we will explore the different states of India in detail – their geography, population density, language diversity, climate zones and other interesting facts. We will also look at how these factors affect the politics and economy of India as a whole. So if you've ever wanted to know more about the states that make up this beautiful country - read on!

India is a diverse country with many different states

India is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories, for a total of thirty-six entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions.

Each state or union territory has its own legislature and government, with the exception of the two union territories of Delhi and Puducherry which have their own elected legislative assemblies and executive councils.

The Constitution of India protects the right to form any state or union territory within the geographical boundaries of India as per the provisions laid down in the First Schedule.

The 5 most populous states in India

With over 1.3 billion people, India is the world’s second most populous country. It is also the seventh largest country in terms of landmass. India is divided into 29 states and 7 union territories. The states are further divided into districts.

The five most populous states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, and Andhra Pradesh. These five states make up for approximately 40% of India’s population.

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with over 200 million inhabitants. It is located in the northern part of the country and borders Nepal and Tibet. Maharashtra is the second most populous state with over 112 million people. It is located in the western part of India and its capital city is Mumbai. Bihar, located in the eastern part of India, has over 103 million inhabitants making it the third most populous state. West Bengal, located in the eastern part of the country as well, has over 91 million people making it the fourth most populous state. Lastly, Andhra Pradesh rounds up the top five with over 84 million people residing there.

The 5 largest states in India

1. Maharashtra: With a population of over 121 million, Maharashtra is the most populous state in India. It is also the second-largest state in terms of area, with 308,000 square kilometers.

2. Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh is India’s most populous state, with a population of over 200 million. It is also the fourth-largest state in terms of area, with 240,000 square kilometers.

3. Bihar: Bihar is the third-largest state in India by population, with over 104 million inhabitants. It is also the twelfth-largest state in terms of area, at 94,000 square kilometers.

4. West Bengal: West Bengal is India’s fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million residents. It covers an area of 88,000 square kilometers, making it the seventh-largest state in India by area.

5. Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh is the fifth-most populous state in India, with over 75 million residents. It covers an area of 308,000 square kilometers, making it the second-largest state in India by area.

The 5 smallest states in India

The 5 smallest states in India, according to area, are Goa, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Tripura. Goa is the smallest state by area, with an area of just 3,702 square kilometers. Sikkim is the second smallest state, with an area of 7,096 square kilometers. Arunachal Pradesh is the third smallest state, with an area of 83,743 square kilometers. Mizoram is the fourth smallest state, with an area of 21,087 square kilometers. Tripura is the fifth smallest state, with an area of 10,491 square kilometers.

The 5 most developed states in India

1. Maharashtra:

Maharashtra is India's most developed state. It has the country's largest economy and is home to the financial capital of Mumbai. The state also has a large population, making up over 10% of the country's total.

2. Tamil Nadu:

Tamil Nadu is another highly developed state in India. It too has a large economy and accounts for a significant portion of the country's GDP. The state is also home to several major industries, including information technology and textiles.

3. Karnataka:

Karnataka is another Indian state with a large and well-developed economy. The state's capital, Bangalore, is known as the "Silicon Valley of India" due to its thriving IT sector. Karnataka also has a strong manufacturing base and is a leading producer of coffee and software in the country.

4. Andhra Pradesh:

Andhra Pradesh is another economically prosperous state in India. Its capital, Hyderabad, is a major center for information technology and pharmaceuticals. Andhra Pradesh also has rich agricultural resources and is one of the top producers of rice in the country.

5 Gujarat:

Gujarat rounds out the top five most developed states in India. The state has a diversified economy with strength in sectors such as agriculture, pharmaceuticals, textiles, petrochemicals, and diamonds & jewelry. Gujarat is also home to the world's largest shipbreaking yard at Alang

The 5 least developed states in India

1. Bihar
2. Uttar Pradesh
3. Madhya Pradesh
4. Rajasthan
5. Jharkhand


India is a vast and diverse country, with 29 states and 7 union territories. Each state has its own culture, language, and cuisine, making India an interesting place to explore. With so many different places to visit in India, it's no wonder that the country remains one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. From the Himalayas of the north to the beaches of Goa in the south, each part of India offers something unique for travelers looking for adventure or relaxation.


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